One way to accomplish structure and clarity in your text is by the usage of signposts.

One way to accomplish structure and clarity in your text is by the usage of signposts.

Take a good look at this short video for more information about personal pronouns and active and voice that is passive.

Academic writing is explicit in lot of ways. Above all, this means that there surely is a clear presentation of ideas within the paper. The written text needs to have a well-organized structure and be possible for the reader to check out. One way to accomplish structure and clarity in your text is by the application of signposts. Signposts are words and phrases which you can use in your text in order to guide your reader along. Signposting can be split into two different categories: major signposting and linking words and phrases.

More on explicit language Show more/less

Major signposting is employed to signal key facets of the task, including the intent behind an academic paper and its structure. Some examples of major signposting:

The goal of this scholarly study will be …
This chapter reviews/deals with …
In conclusion …

Linking phrases and words create coherence and present your reader directions by marking transitions between sentences and paragraphs. Some situations of linking words and phrases:

Being explicit in your writing also means you are not vague but instead very specific into the presentation of ideas, numbers and years. Being specific helps add precision to your writing.

Common pitfalls for non-native writers – and how to avoid them

If English is certainly not your language that is first you encounter certain difficulties when writing academically. This section relates to some of the most common pitfalls. In the event that you learn exactly what your problems are it becomes easier in order to prevent them and thereby become a better writer.

Words that are easily confused Show more/less

Some words may look quite similar but have very different meanings. For instance you might write “manger” instead of “manager”. Remember that this type or types of mistake is certainly not discovered because of the spellchecking function of your word processor. In order to avoid these kind of mistakes it is strongly recommended that you consult a dictionary.

Punctuation Show more/less

It’s important to be aware that writing English that is correct is more or less using the right words but in addition includes sentence structure and punctuation. The utilization of punctuation differs between languages; an example may be the question that is upside-down at the beginning of interrogative sentences in Spanish. But there are smaller differences such as the usage of commas and also the way quotation marks look.

Take a good look at this short video for further information about punctuation:

You may use punctuation in accordance with that, sentence length, to create variation in your writing. If all your valuable sentences are extremely short or very long the reading becomes somewhat tedious.

The study has resulted in results that are many. One result is described here.

Those two short sentences could be combined into:

The study has led to results that are many certainly one of which can be described here.

However, be cautious so you usually do not create sentences that are run-on. These occur when two independent clauses are joined without proper punctuation or connecting word.

The research has led to many results one result is described here.

Sentence fragments Show more/less

A sentence fragment is an incomplete sentence and in order that it cannot get up on its own. A complete sentence has a subject and a verb and comes with one thought.

They are samples of sentence fragments:

So he went to see the doctor. (Why did he go to start to see the doctor?)

Such as for example fruit and veggies. (What are fruit and vegetables examples of?)

In 1918. (What happened in 1918?)

Shattered glass all around the floor. (that is a fragment while there is no main verb)

Sentence fragments can be fixed by incorporating them to the sentence that holds the key clause, changing the punctuation or by extending the fragment into a full sentence.

Peter had a sore throat so he went along to start to see the doctor.

Children should eat balanced diet, such as fruit and vegetables.

World War I ended in 1918.

Glass was shattered throughout the floor.

Dangling modifiers Show more/less

A dangling modifier is a word or phrase that doesn’t connect properly towards the sentence that is main.

Having finished the experiments, the results were analyzed.

In this sentence, it is unclear what the modifier “having finished the experiments” describes. Who has finished the experiments? The way in which the sentence is constructed, the modifier connects to“the total results”, but clearly “the results” have not finished the experiments. This sentence should be rephrased. One way of accomplishing this really is to state that is clearly conducted the experiments and analyzed the outcomes:

Having finished the experiments, we analyzed the results.

Or, should you not would you like to include the personal pronoun “we”:

When the experiments were finished, the results were analyzed.

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