APA format is one of three citation that is main you’re more likely to encounter sooner or later through your education.
Specifically in psychology, education, and also the sciences, APA format may be the citation that is preferred over other popular style guides, like MLA format, which will be commonly used into the humanities.
APA format definition
APA format is an style that is academic developed by the American Psychological Association. It is most often utilized for scientific papers, especially research-based content.
APA format is preferred among many disciplines due to its clarity and emphasis on highlighting newer source material (in other words. date-focused citations with a preference for ‘recent’ source content). Below are instructions and examples for formatting general components of an APA formatted paper, including just how to write a cover page, running head (header), an in-text citation, and a Reference section.
Note: there are some components of this style guide that overlap with MLA format. Thus, you will probably find that section of this information is restated through the MLA guide; however, there are numerous components unique to APA alone and neither guide can substitute the other sufficiently.
General guidelines that are formatting APA
- Your document should really be keyed in double-space, 12 pt. font. The font that is standard Times New Roman, however some scholars prefer Arial.
- Your document’s margins must certanly be one inch on all sides.
- A cover should be included by you page (aka title page) unless otherwise specified.
- You need to include a running head (in other words. a page header) that sits near the top of every page of the document.
- To create the head that is running utilize the “Insert Header” function on the word processor.
- Each page should always be numbered regarding the right hand side of the page within the header that is auto-created. You will also insert the title left that is flush all caps.
- The title should always be in title case; every expressed word shouldn’t be capitalized.
- Your first and paragraphs that are subsequent be indented one half inch through the left of the document. You need to use the TAB button function to indent in place of the space bar.
- There should simply be one space in the end marks of punctuation. Because word processing software already accounts for the space after a punctuation mark, adding two spaces is antiquated and inaccurate.
Running head formatting is specific to APA and really should not be used for other citation types. To produce the running head and ensure it turns up on every page of one’s document, utilize the “Insert Header” function on your word processor and then type the title of the paper flush left using all capital letters.
The head that is running a shortened type of your full paper title, which means that the running head must not exceed more than 50 characters including punctuation marks and character spacing.
The aforementioned example is 49 characters long, including spaces and marks of punctuation (when it comes to title).
Your cover page will include the information that is following title regarding the paper, author’s name, and institutional affiliation (i.e. the university, college, or academic/professional institution for which you are writing your paper). You must likewise incorporate a running head flush left with the pagination flush right towards the top of your document.
Note: On the cover page, your running head will look different than it does on all subsequent pages.
That it is the paper’s running head; on all other pages, you need not include these words in addition to your title as you can see, you must include the words “Running head” on your title page to indicate.
APA in-text citations are not influenced by container (e.g. book, article). Citations ought to be in parentheses and placed at the conclusion of a sentence prior to the period, whether paraphrasing or essay-911.com prices citing a direct quote.
APA format follows the author-date style: (Last Name, Year) and uses a comma amongst the two elements. If referencing a specific spot in the writing, you might be encouraged to use exact page numbers using a lowercase p. + the page number when you look at the parentheses following the year.
All citations, aside from container, are formatted exactly the same for in-text citations in APA. There’s no variance predicated on container as is true for MLA style.
Note: you can find different formatting requirements for short vs. long quotations in APA.
General in-text citation rules:
- Titles of source material should be capitalized (which is not the full case in the References page); all words four letters or longer also needs to be capitalized (exceptions for pronouns, adjectives, nouns, verbs, adverbs, etc.)
- Hyphenated compound words in a title are both capitalized, not only the word that is first
- The word that is first after a colon or dash is capitalized
- All longer container titles (e.g. books, films, TV series, music albums) should really be italicized
Direct quotes (non-paraphrasing) require the name that is author’s year of publication, and page number in (p. #) format. You might either make use of the author’s last name in the sentence preceding the parenthetical citation or are the author’s last name in the parentheses directly.
Long, direct quotations (40 words or higher) must certanly be written in block format without quotation marks. The quotation has to start on a new line indented another half inch inward (where an innovative new paragraph would naturally begin. All subsequent lines should be indented as such. Long quotes ought to be double-spaced such as the rest of one’s document, while the parenthetical citation begins following the final punctuation mark associated with quotation.
General format for long quotations:
King (1986) noted:
A small boy in a yellow slicker and red galoshes ran cheerfully along next to the newspaper boat. The rain had not stopped, but it was finally slackening. It tapped in the yellow hood associated with the boy’s slicker, sounding to his ears like the rain regarding the roof that is shed. (p. 3)
Your APA-formatted Reference page is where the extended, detailed versions of all references used through your research or essay paper are.
For every container listed below, you’ll find a general formula for citing the origin in your Reference page along side a good example.
General Reference page rules:
- Use hanging indentations for each line that follows the line that is firstsecond and subsequent lines in a single reference must be indented)
- Author names should always be in Last Name First Initial format (for up to six authors of one given work)
- All reference entries should really be in alphabetical order
- Any books or materials published by exactly the same author(s) must be listen in chronological order from oldest to most recent
- Use whatever capitalization and punctuation is employed by an container that is original even in the event not ‘standard’